Share this Page URL

Part V. Building a Strong Vocabulary > Chapter 27. Fourth Group: 31. Irony--40.... - Pg. 71

71 Chapter 27. Fourth Group: 31. Irony--40. Rescind 31.irony (IYE ron ee) noun [Greek eironeia, feigning ignorance; from eirein, to speak] Definition A difference between what one might expect and what actually happens; a use of words to present a meaning that is the opposite of its real meaning. It is an irony that one of the world's richest men is declaring bankruptcy. "I have the utmost respect for your work, George," Twyla stated with a sneer. The irony of her statement was that she was about to fire him. Synonyms: contradiction, paradox, ambiguity 32. lucid (LOO sid) adjective [Latin lucidus, clear; from lucere, to shine] Definition Clear; easy to understand. Although Herbert seldom spoke, his ideas were lucid and he explained them clearly with a few well-chosen words. When Granny Gritch died at the age of 90, she was lucid and her sense of humor was evident until the end. Synonyms: crystal-clear, sane, rational, understandable, intelligible Antonyms: confused, puzzling, insane, irrational 33. novice (NOV us) noun [French novice; from Latin novicius, a new member, from novus, new] Definition a. A person who has just entered a religious order for a period of probation. Many novices find their first days in a religious community difficult, but they usually adjust to the sparse lifestyle fairly quickly. b. One who is new to the circumstances in which she or he has been placed; a beginner. When Terrance gave his first presentation in front of his staff he was such a novice that he continually tungled his tang. Synonyms: trainee, rookie, greenhorn, tenderfoot, new kid on the block Antonyms: expert, pro, veteran, old hand 34. paradox (PARE uh doks) noun [Greek paradoxos, unbelievable; from para, beyond+ doxon, opinion] Definition A seemingly contradictory remark that on closer examination expresses a possible truth. Oscar Wilde noted the paradox that there are two tragedies in life: one is not getting what you want; the other is getting it. Heinrich's job was a paradox; he was a wine taster who hated wine. Synonyms: riddle, enigma, contradiction, dilemma, inconsistency 35. perjure (PUR jur) verb [Latin per, harmfully + jurare, to swear] Definition To lie intentionally while under oath to tell the truth (as in a court of law).