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Part II. Where did all those Words come ... > Chapter 9. Modern English: AD 1500 t... - Pg. 13

13 Chapter 9. Modern English: AD 1500 to the Present The sixteenth and seventeenth centuries added thousands of new words to the language, most of them from Latin. Modern English probably owes more of its vocabulary to Latin than to any other language. English also borrowed from Greek, either directly or via Latin. French, Italian, Portuguese and Spanish also contributed. Early dictionaries appeared during this time. You may have heard the phrase "Neither a borrower nor a lender be." If we followed that principle strictly, the English language would be very different from what it is today. Modern English developed rapidly as a result of the Renaissance. The theater, printed materials, education, booming business and social awareness created a stimulating setting for the language. As English developed, its pronunciation changed so that it became more like we hear it today. It continued to borrow heavily from other languages to meet the demands for words to describe new activities and new knowledge. New words entered the language at a rapid rate as England traded with the Low Countries and with northern Germany, especially in wool. Dutch, Flemish and Low