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Chapter 14. Sentence formation > Elements of a sentence

Elements of a sentence

A sentenceis a self-contained grouping of grammatical elements that ends with a “stop” or a punctuation mark. All sentences must contain a noun, which is also called a subject, and a verb, which is also called a predicate, and can be a complete thought. Sentences can be one or several words in length depending on what idea they are trying to express.

Every sentence must express a complete thought and contain a subject and a predicate to be complete. The simple subject of a sentence is the noun or pronoun, and the simple predicate is the verb. The subject is the person, place, thing, or idea that a sentence is talking about, and the predicate indicates what state of being the subject is in or what it is doing.


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