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Chapter 10. Prepositions > Functions of prepositions

Functions of prepositions

Prepositions combine with nouns and pronouns to create phrases and indicate the relationship of these phrases to the rest of the sentence. Combining a preposition with a noun or pronoun phrase creates a prepositional phrase. Prepositional phrases modify nouns, verbs, and adjectives in a sentence.

Since prepositions are used to help clarify relationships with a minimum of words, it is important to understand how to use them with other parts of speech in a sentence. For example, in the sentence, “The man in the black suit ran away,” the preposition “in” answers the question “In what?” or “In whom?” therefore telling us that the man was “in,” or wearing, a suit.


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