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Chapter 4. Telecommunicating with Verbs > Activity A. Language Arts Recall

Activity A. Language Arts Recall

Verb Tense

Verb tense refers to time. The verb in a sentence indicates when the action occurred.

Rule 4.1:

simple present—actions that are happening now.

Rule 4.2:

simple past—actions that happened in the past and were completed.

Rule 4.3:

simple future—actions that will happen.

Simple Present Tense Simple Past Tense Simple Future Tense
(verb) (verb+“d” or “ed”) (“will” or “shall”+verb)
invite invited will invite


Perfect tense indicates an activity that happened in the past, either before the present or before another time in the past; or an activity that will have been completed before a time in the future. The perfect tense uses the auxiliary (helping) verb “to have” plus a special form of the main verb, known as the past participle usually formed by adding “d” or “ed” to the regular verb. The three perfect tenses are present perfect, past perfect, and future perfect.

Rule 4.4:

present perfect—action began in the past but was completed either before the present or at some unspecified time in the past; when used with “since” or “for,” the action is continuing.

Rule 4.5:

past perfect—action began in the past and was completed before another time in the past.

Rule 4.6:

future perfect—action will be completed before another time in the future.

Present Perfect Tense Past Perfect Tense Future Perfect Tense
active voice: subject performs the action
(have, has) (had) (will have, shall have)
have (has) invited had invited will have invited
have (has) chosen had chosen will have chosen


(“Chose” is an irregular verb.)

passive voice: subject is acted upon
has been invited had been invited will have been invited



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