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Chapter 8. Check-In with the Semicolon > Activity A. Language Arts Recall

Activity A. Language Arts Recall

Semicolon Usage

In Chapter 5, you learned that a comma is used before a conjunction that joins two independent clauses.

Example: We have landscaped our property, and these illustrations will show you our new appearance.

Rule 8.1:

When there is no conjunction between two independent clauses, use a semicolon.

Example: We have landscaped our property; these illustrations will show you our new appearance.

Rule 8.2:

When there is a comma in both or either one of the independent clauses in a compound sentence, place a semicolon before the conjunction.

Example: To introduce a new product, you need to determine the target market; and you have to plan your marketing strategies.

Rule 8.3:

When items in a series contain internal commas, use a semicolon to separate items.

Example: Popular ski resorts are located in Killington, Vermont; Aspen, Colorado; and Hunter, New York.

Rule 8.4:

When terms such as “for example,” “namely,” or “for instance” introduce a list of items, use a semicolon before the term and a comma after it.

Example: Hotel chains are expanding their consumer markets; namely, resorts, health spas, and convention facilities.

Rule 8.5:

When two independent clauses are connected by a conjunctive adverb (connecting word), use a semicolon before the conjunctive adverb and a comma after it.

Examples of conjunctive adverbs: however, nevertheless, furthermore, otherwise, thus

Example: Your health club membership expires this month; however, renewals at the discount rate will be extended for two weeks.


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