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Chapter 4. Solving Problems Through Adva... > Introduction to Some Essentials of R...

Introduction to Some Essentials of Research

Although we have been talking about research of some kind or other throughout our discussions, we thought that a separate discussion would highlight some of the primary features and answer some common questions about doing research. The first thing to remember is that research comes in all shapes and sizes and is absolutely fundamental to solving problems in the professional world. The problem can be as relatively minor as deciding on a different floor plan for an office that appears to be having difficulties routing information efficiently, to a large-scale problem such as a national retailer's attempts to regain lost portions of market share in retail trade. In Patricia Wynjenek's case, the problem is not necessarily a question of what needs to be fixed but rather is a question of what cultural practice allows for the economic survival and family stability in the poor barrios of Indigo.

All problems will require first a clear grasp of the nature of the problem and then, in those cases that call for some kind of solution, at the very least a review of past practices, in light of what is presently being done, should be performed. This in most cases will suggest a solution to the problem that, if well implemented, will bring about productive changes in the future. In Patricia's case, since a solution is not being sought, and past practices are more than likely to be very similar to present practices, the focus is on those strategies for economic survival and encouraging family and community stability that are happening presently. Understanding cultural practices in Indigo may lead Patricia to suggest changes in social programs for the people of Indigo's poor barrios or for other communities that are similar demographically and culturally. Following are the reviews and possible directions that researchers of these problems might take:


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