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Chapter 1. Film, Video, and Multimedia T... > Television and Video Recording

Television and Video Recording

In 1940, the first TV station began broadcasting in Chicago. The first television sets showed images in black and white only. Throughout the 1940s, different systems for color television were tried and finally, in 1953, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) approved a system that was backwards-compatible with the existing black-and-white system, so that even though the signal was broadcast in color, a black-and-white TV would still display the picture. This meant that people who already owned black-and-white TV sets would not have to buy new ones. The system is called the National Television System Committee (NTSC) color video standard, and is the same system we use now for broadcast television. Figure 1.5 shows a camera from the early days of TV. Note the tubes used inside.

Figure 1.5. An early television camera from the late 1950s, a Blonder-Tongue TVC-1-C Vidicon Camera Head



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