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Abbreviations

Abbreviations

3DThree-Dimensional
3DMC3D Mesh Coding
3GPP3rd Generation Partnership Project
AACAdvanced Audio Coding also Adaptive Arithmetic Coding
AAC LDAAC Low Delay
ACArithmetic Codec also Alternative Component (in frequency representation)
ACRAbsolute Category Rating
ADPCMAdaptive Differential Pulse Code Modulation
AFXAnimation Framework eXtension
AIRAdaptive Intra Refresh
ALFApplication Level Fragmentation
AMDAmendment
ANOVAANalysis Of VAriance
AOEApplications and Operational Environments
APIApplication Programming Interface
ASICApplication-Specific Integrated Circuit
ATMAsynchronous Transfer Mode
AUAccess Unit
AVAudiovisual
AVCAdvanced Video Coding
BABBinary Alpha Block
BACBinary Arithmetic Coding
BAPBody Animation Parameter
BBsubBand by subBand (in wavelet coefficients scanning modes)
BDPBody Definition Parameter
BERBit Error Rate
BIFSBInary Format for Scenes
BMLDBinaural Masking Level Depression or Difference
BPPBit Per Pixel
BQBi-level Quantizer (in wavelet coefficients quantization modes)
BSACBit-Sliced Arithmetic Coding
B-VOPBidirectionally predictive-coded Video Object Plane
CADComputer Aided Design
CAEContext-based Arithmetic Coding
CATChannel Association Tag
CBFCompressed Binary Format (VRML)
CDCommittee Draft
CECore Experiment
CELPCode Excited Linear Prediction
CGDComputational Graceful Degradation
CIFCommon Intermediate Format
CIRCyclic Intra Refresh
CMComposition Memory
CODAPComponent based Data Partitioning
CORTechnical Corrigendum
CPUCentral Processing Unit
CRCCyclic Redundancy Code
CSCoefficients Scanning
CTSComposition Time Stamp
CUComposition Unit
DABDigital Audio Broadcasting
DAIDMIF-Application Interface
DAMDraft Amendment
DAVICDigital Audiovisual Council
dBDecibel
DBDecoding Buffer
DCDirect Component (in frequency representation)
DCMDC Marker
DCORDraft Technical Corrigendum
DCTDiscrete Cosine Transform
DECTDigital Enhanced Cordless Telecommunications
DISDraft International Standard
DLLDynamic Link Library
DLS2MIDI Downloadable Sounds 2 Format
DMIFDelivery Multimedia Integration Framework
DNIDMIF Network Interface
DOIDigital Object Identifier
DPData Partitioning
DPCMDifferential Pulse Code Modulation
DPIDMIF Plug-in Interface
DRCDynamic Range Control also Dynamic Resolution Conversion
DRMDigital Rights Management also Digital Radio Mondiale
DSCQSDouble Stimulus Continuous Quality Scale
DSISDouble Stimulus Impairment Scale
DTRDraft Technical Report
DTSDecoding Time Stamp
DVDisplacement Vector
DVBDigital Video Broadcasting
DVDDigital Versatile Disc
DWTDiscrete Wavelet Transform
EBUEuropean Broadcasting Union
EPGElectronic Program Guide
ESElementary Stream
ESCError Sensitivity Category
ESIElementary Stream Interface
ETSIEuropean Telecommunications Standards Institute
EZWEmbedded Zero-tree Wavelet
FAPFace Animation Parameter
FAPUFAP Unit
FBAFace and Body Animation
FCDFinal Committee Draft
FCRFlexMux Clock Reference
FDAMFinal Draft Amendment
FDISFinal Draft International Standard
FDPFace Definition Parameter
FECForward Error Correction
FFTFast Fourier Transformation
FGSFine Granularity Scalability
FGSTFine Granularity Scalability Temporal scalable
FIGFAP Interpolation Graph
FIRFinite Impulse Response (in filter design)
FITFAP Interpolation Table
FMCFlexMux Channel
FOVField Of View
FPDAMFinal Proposed Draft Amendment
FSSFrequency Selective Switch
FTPFile Transfer Protocol (IETF)
GMCGlobal Motion Compensation
GOBGroup Of Blocks
GPRSGeneral Packet Radio Service
GSMGlobal System for Mobile Communications also Groupe Spécial Mobile
HCRHuffman Codeword Reordering
HDLHardware Description Languages
HDTVHigh Definition Television
HECHeader Extension Code
HILNHarmonic and Individual Lines plus Noise
HTMLHyperText Markup Language (W3C)
HTTPHyperText Transfer Protocol (IETF)
HVXCHarmonic Vector Excitation Coding
IDCTInverse Discrete Cosine Transform
IDFTInverse Discrete Fourier Transform
IECInternational Electrotechnical Commission
IETFInternet Engineering Task Force
IFFTInverse Fast Fourier Transform
IGMPInternet Group Management Protocol (IETF)
IMDCTInverse Modified Discrete Cosine Transform
I-MOPIntra-Mesh Object Plane
IMT-2000International Mobile Telecommunications-2000
IODInitial Object Descriptor
IPInternet Protocol (IETF) also Intellectual Property
IPIIntellectual Property Identification
IPMPIntellectual Property Management and Protection
ISInternational Standard
ISBNInternational Standard Book Number
ISMNInternational Standard Music Number
ISOInternational Organization for Standardization
ITTFInformation Technology Task Force
ITUInternational Telecommunication Union
ITU-RInternational Telecommunication Union—Radio Standardization Sector
ITU-TInternational Telecommunication Union—Telecommunications Standardization Sector
I-VOPIntra-coded Video Object Plane
JARJava ARchiving format also Java Archive
JMJoint Model
JNDJust Noticeable Difference
JPEGJoint Photographic Experts Group
JTC 1ISO/IEC Joint Technical Committee 1
JTPCISO/IEC Joint Technical Programming Committee
JVMJava Virtual Machine
JVTJoint Video Team
JWGJoint Working Group
KBDKaiser-Bessel-Derived window
LARLogarithmic Area Ratio
LATMLow-overhead MPEG-4 Audio Transport Multiplex
LAVLargest Absolute Value
LPCLinear Predictive Coding
LSFLine Spectrum Frequency
LSPLine Spectral Pair
LTPLong Term Prediction
M4IFMPEG-4 Industry Forum
MBMacroblock
MDCTModified Discrete Cosine Transform
MDSMultimedia Description Schemes
MHEGMultimedia and Hypermedia information coding Expert Group
MIDIMusical Instrument Digital Interface
MIMEMultipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (IETF)
MMMotion Marker
MNRUModulated Noise Reference Unit
MOPSMillions of Operations Per Second
MOSMean Opinion Score
MP4MPEG-4 File Format
MPEMultipulse Excitation
MPEGMoving Picture Experts Group
MQMultiple Quantizer (in wavelet coefficients quantization modes)
MUSHRAMultiStimulus test with Hidden Reference and Anchors
MVMotion Vector
MZTEMultiscale Zero-Tree Entropy
NADIBNarrow Band Digital Broadcasting (consortium) now Digital Radio Mondiale (DRM)
NBNational Body
NBC(MPEG-2) Non-Backward Compatible coding now Advanced Audio Coding (AAC)
NCTNode Coding Table
NDTNode Data Type
NEWPREDNew Prediction
NPNew Work Item Proposal
NSSDNext Statistically Significant Difference
NTPNetwork Time Protocol (IETF)
NTSCNational Television Standards Committee
OBMCOverlapped Block Motion Compensation
OCIObject Content Information
OCRObject Clock Reference
ODObject Descriptor
ODFObject Descriptor Framework
OLAOverLap/Add
OMOptimization Model (MPEG-4)
OOPObject Oriented Programming
OSIOpen System Interconnection
OTBObject Time Base
OWGOther Working Group
PATProgram Association Table (MPEG-2)
PCRProgram Clock Reference (MPEG-2)
PCUProcessor Complexity Unit
PCWPriority Codeword
PDAPersonal Digital Assistant
PDAMProposed Draft Amendment
PDFProbability Density Function also Portable Document Format
PDTRProposed Draft Technical Report
PESPacketized Elementary Streams (MPEG-2)
PEZWPredictive Embedded Zero-tree Wavelet
PIDPacket Identifier (MPEG-2)
PLLPhase Locked Loop
P-MOPPredictive-coded Mesh Object Plane
PMTProgram Map Table (MPEG-2)
PNSPerceptual Noise Substitution
PPParallelogram Prediction
PPDProposal Package Description
PQFPolyphase Quadrature Filterbank
PSProgram Stream (MPEG-2)
PSDPower Spectral Density
PSMProgram Stream Map (MPEG-2)
PSNRPeak Signal to Noise Ratio
PSTNPublic Switched Telephone Networks
PTPayload Type
P-VOPPredictive-coded Video Object Plane
QCIFQuarter Common Intermediate Format
QoSQuality of Service
QPQuantization Parameter
QSIFQuarter Standard Image Format
RAMRandom Access Memory
RCURAM Complexity Unit
RMResynchronization Marker
RMSRoot Mean Square
RPERegular Pulse Excitation
RR VOPReduced Resolution VOP
RTPReal-Time Transport Protocol (IETF)
RTSPReal-Time Streaming Protocol (IETF)
RVLCReversible Variable Length Coding
S(GMC)-VOPSprite coded Video Object Plane with GMC sprite type
SAStructured Audio
SA-DCTShape Adaptive Discrete Cosine Transform
SAOLStructured Audio Orchestra Language
SASBFStructured Audio Sample Bank Format
SASLStructured Audio Score Language
SA-WaveletShape Adaptive Wavelet
SBASegmented Binary Arithmetic coding
SCSprite Coding also Subcommittee
SCRSystem Clock Reference (MPEG-2)
SDCSub-Division Coding
SDLSyntactic Description Language
SDMSystem Decoder Model
SDPSession Description Protocol (IETF)
SDSCESimultaneous Double Stimulus for Continuous Evaluation
SESpectral Envelope (in speech coding)
SGMLStandard Generalized Markup Language
SIService Information (DVB)
SIFStandard Image Format
SITSoftware Instrumentation Tool
SLSynchronization Layer
SMSimulation Model (MPEG-1)
SMILSynchronized Multimedia Integration Language (W3C)
SMPTESociety of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
SNHCSynthetic Natural Hybrid Coding
SPHITSet Partitioning in Hierarchical Threes
SPSSL-Packetized Stream
SQScalar Quantizer also Single Quantizer (in wavelet coefficients quantization modes)
SSSingle Stimulus
SSCQESingle Stimulus Continuous Quality Evaluation
SSMRSingle Stimulus with Multiple Repetition
SSNCSSingle Stimulus Numerical Categorical Scale
SSRScalable Sampling Rate
STBSystem Time Base
STDSystem Target Decoder (MPEG-2)
SVGScalable Vector Graphics (W3C)
S-VOPSprite-coded Video Object Plane
SWGSpecial Working Group
SYMMSynchronized Multimedia working group (W3C)
T/FTime/Frequency
TATTransmux Association Tag
TCTechnical Committee
TCPTransmission Control Protocol (IETF)
TDTree-Depth (in wavelet coefficients scanning mode)
TDACTime Domain Aliasing Cancellation
TLSSTools for Large Step Scalability
TMTest Model (MPEG-2)
TNSTemporal Noise Shaping
TRTechnical Report
TSTopological Surgery (in mesh coding) also Transport Stream (MPEG-2)
TTSText To Speech
TTSIText-To-Speech Interface
TwinVQTransform-domain Weighted Interleave Vector Quantization
UDPUser Datagram Protocol (IETF)
UEPUnequal Error Protection
UMLUniversal Modeling Language
UMTSUniversal Mobile Telecommunications System
URLUniversal Resource Locator (IETF)
UTUniform Triangulation (in mesh coding)
VBVVideo Rate Buffer Verifier
VCAVertex Clustering Array
VCVVideo Complexity Verifier
VDSView Dependent Scalability
VHDLVery High Speed Integrated Circuit Hardware Description Language
VLCVariable Length Coding
VLDVariable Length Decoding
VMVerification Model
VMVVideo Memory Verifier
VOVideo Object
VOLVideo Object Layer
VOPVideo Object Plane
VPVVideo Presentation Verifier
VRMLVirtual Reality Modeling Language
VTCVisual Texture Coding
VTRVideo Tape Recorder
VXCVector eXcitation Coding
W3CWorld Wide Web Consortium
WDWorking Draft
WGWorking Group
WMWorking Model
X3DeXtensible 3D
XMeXperimentation Model (MPEG-7)
XMLeXtensible Markup Language
XMTeXtensible MPEG-4 Textual Format
YMsYstems Model (MPEG-21)
ZTCZero-Tree Coding
ZTEZero-Tree Entropy


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